/ˈwʊmərə/ (say 'woomuhruh)

a town in southern SA, west of Lake Torrens; established as a personnel base for the Weapons Research Establishment under the UK-Australia Long Range Weapons Agreement in 1948; rocket launches and British nuclear tests at Maralinga and Emu within the Woomera Restricted Area until 1963; personnel base for the Joint Australian United States Defence Space Communications Station at Nurrungar, 16 km south-west, from 1969; detention centre for asylum seekers established 1999.
The Woomera area was occupied by the Kokatha people before it was chosen in 1947 as the site for the Weapons Research Establishment under the UK-Australia Long Range Weapons Agreement (called the Joint Project Agreement). The British Blue Streak rocket, and smaller rockets developed by the Weapons Research Establishment, were launched from the Woomera rocket range, as was WRESAT, the first and only satellite launched in Australia. Atmospheric nuclear tests were conducted by the British at Maralinga and Emu Field within the Woomera Restricted Area until 1963, with resulting plutonium contamination and deprivation of the rights of the traditional Aboriginal owners (see Maralinga). Further controversy surrounded the area after the establishment of the detention centre on government land in 1999 in response to a sudden influx of asylum seekers arriving by boat. Human rights groups criticised conditions at the centre and particularly deplored the long-term detention of children there. In early 2003 the remaining people in the centre were relocated to other establishments, although the centre was not dismantled.

Australian English dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Woomera — Le parc à fusées sud de Woomera Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Woomera — may refer to:*Woomera (spear thrower), an Indigenous Australian spear throwing tool. *Woomera, South Australia, a town named after this tool *Woomera Prohibited Area, is a weapons testing range and rocket launch site **Woomera Instrumented Range… …   Wikipedia

  • Woomera — bezeichnet eine Stadt in Australien: Woomera (Australien) eine Waffe der Aborigine: Woomera (Waffe) ein ehemaliges Sperrgebiet in Australien: Woomera Prohibited Area (WPA) Diese Seite ist eine Begrif …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Woomera —   [ wʊməra], Ort im zentralen South Australia, nahe der Transkontinentalbahn, 1 700 Einwohner; Zentrum eines militärischen Sperrgebietes (130 000 km2, Testgelände für Raketen, Flugzeuge, Waffen), das nach Nordwesten bis in die Great Victoria… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • woomera — [wo͞o′mər ə] n. [Austral native name] a spear throwing device used by Australian Aborigines …   English World dictionary

  • Woomera — Campo de experimentación de proyectiles cohetes y bombas atómicas y de hidrógeno, situado al noroeste de Australia, estado de Australia Meridional, en pleno desierto. Anexa a él se encuentra la ciudad del mismo nombre, donde residen los… …   Wikipedia Español

  • woomera — (entrée créée par le supplément) (ou mè ra) s. m. Chez les Australiens, bâton à lancer la zagaie. •   La zagaie se lance avec une merveilleuse précision à cinquante pas avec la main, et jusqu à cent cinquante avec le woomera, Journ. offic. 9… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • woomera — also wommera noun Etymology: Dharuk (Australian aboriginal language of the Port Jackson area) wamara Date: 1817 a wooden rod with a hooked end used by Australian aborigines for throwing a spear …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Woomera — geographical name town South Australia W of Lake Torrens …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • woomera — /woom euhr euh/, n. a notched stick used by Australian Aborigines to propel spears or darts. Also, womera. [1810 20; < Dharuk wu ma ra] * * * …   Universalium

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